Electric motors are gadgets that convert electrical energy into mechanical energy. These electric motors generate mechanical energy (force) through the interaction of its windings and magnetic field. Since the electric motors themselves have been discussed, one must comprehend why it is important to recycle electric motors. A few devices that utilize an electric motor include:
- Industrial fans
- Disk drives
- Various machine tools
Why Recycle Electric Motors?Electric motor recycling:
- Reuses valuable materials
- Reduces landfill pollution
- Reduces solid waste
- Protects natural resources
- Reduces overall pollution
The Mechanics of an Electric MotorElectric motors have three main size categories. These consist of:
- Small motors. These motors range from the size of a basketball to larger than an apple. Smaller electric motors (e.g. electronic transformers in radio-controlled cars) are less sought after because of their low copper and aluminum content.
- Large motors. Motors like this vary from bigger than a basketball to less than 2,000 pounds.
- Over-sized motors. These motors are bigger than 2,000 pounds. Their demand changes due to their size and nonferrous metallic content.
Common Household Items with Electric Motors:
- Hand tools
- Air conditioners
- Power supplies
- Washing machines
Common Industrial Items with Electric Motors:
- Manufacturing equipment
Common Automotive Items with Electric Motors:
The Electric Motor Recycling ProcessThe recycling of electric motors is mainly done on a large scale and is very simple. Recycling electric motors consists of:
- First, professional recyclers collecting as many electric motors as possible to increase the chance of obtaining enough copper.
- Next, a hammer or hammering mill breaks the metallic casting of the motor.
- Furthermore, recyclers separate the components and categorize them according to their materials.
- Lastly, they take the separated components to their various recycling points and recycle them.